Science Priorities

Based on the scientific rationale and gaps in understanding, the Southern Ocean research community has identified 6 overarching challenges (Themes). The observing system that is being designed by SOOS will ensure the data required to address these challenges is being provided to the community.

  • Theme 1: The role of the Southern Ocean in the planet's heat and freshwater balance
  • Theme 2: The stability of the Southern Ocean overturning circulation
  • Theme 3: The role of the ocean in the stability of the Antarctic Ice Sheet and its future contribution to sea-level rise
  • Theme 4: The future and consequences of Southern Ocean carbon uptake
  • Theme 5: The future of Antarctic sea ice
  • Theme 6: Impacts of global change on Southern Ocean ecosystems


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